Cloud Computing is defined by the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as: “A model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.” (National Institute of Standards and Technology 2011)
Actor Network Theory (ANT) was developed in the sociology of science and technology. ANT helps to describe how actors form alliances and involve other actors and use non-human actors (artifacts) to strengthen such alliances and to secure their interests (Huang, 2010).
Indemnification is the protection from having to pay for another’s negligence.
Cloud Multiplier Effect is both the costs of data breaches and the number of people impacted increase when a cloud is breached because the cloud contains a concentration of data for large numbers of people and companies in comparison to the data breach of a home computer or one organizations server.
Ransomware is a type of malicious software from cryptovirology that threatens to publish the victim’s data or perpetually block access to it unless a ransom is paid.